Spain is facing this summerIt officially began at 11:14 a.m. Tuesday with a meteorological drought and a “solid” seasonal forecast for the next quarter. will be drier and warmer than usualAfter a “very hot” and humid spring, according to the State Meteorological Agency’s (AEMET) forecasts.
At the press conference held by AEMET to establish its seasonal balance, spokespersons Rubén del Campo and Beatriz Hervella emphasized that the forecast for the summer of 2022 is “very stable” and noted that: July, August and September will be drier across Spain and “more robust” in the interior and north of the peninsula.
Regarding temperatures, they note that there is a “high probability” that the average temperature will be warmer than normal compared to the 1981-2010 reference period, as they most likely predict the quarter’s average temperature will be the same or higher. .
In this way, Hervella, the most likely scenario is the temperature. the average of these three months is at least 0.5ºC higher than normal, although higher depending on the region. For example, in the Guadalquivir valley, the average for a quarter may be 27ºC.
In addition, the summer season comes after an “intense, widespread and early” heatwave and the entire Peninsula faces a meteorological drought situation.
Del Campo explained spring (March-May) had an average temperature of 12.8ºC, i.e. 0.7ºC warmer than the reference periodIt makes 2022 the ninth warmest spring of the 21st century and the 12th warmest spring since 1961.
Although March and April were cold (-0.6ºC and -0.3ºC respectively), May was extremely hot.. The most important thing about spring, according to the spokesperson, was the late frosts left by a cold period in early April. In fact, April 2 and 3 have been the coldest in Spain since 1950, but no stations on the mainnet have broken the record for cold for spring, even though they did for April. It was the first time since data were found that Córdoba and Murcia did not reach 10ºC on an April day.
For her part, May recorded an “extraordinarily hot” temperature event between the 20th and 22nd, leaving an anniversary on the 21st and the warmest May day in Spain as a whole in at least 72 years since 1950. left one anniversary. “It was a more intense episode than the already outstanding episode of 2015,” Del Campo said.
As for the rains The spring of 2022 had a wet character, 12 percent higher than normal at 189 liters per square meter. For months March has been very wet; wet April and extremely dry May. However, precipitation was unevenly distributed as spring was “dry or very dry” in the northern third of the peninsula, west of Castilla y León and northeast of Castilla-La Mancha.
In contrast, the weather in northeastern Catalonia was humid or very humid; Andalusia, the rest of Castilla-La Mancha, the center of Madrid and Castilla y León. Meanwhile, the weather was “extremely wet” in the Community of Valencia, the Region of Murcia and eastern Andalusia.
25% less rain than usual
Despite the spring rains that contributed to alleviating the accumulated precipitation deficit during the hydrological year (starting on October 1, 2021), A quarter less rain than usual (25%) through June 14, 2022 which, in turn, marks the sixth-driest hydrological year since 1961 and the third of the 21st century for this pluviometric exercise.
The March and April rains helped but were not enough. Alleviating the accumulated meteorological drought situation as Spain ended the winter –then the deficit reached 42%–. In this way, the country as a whole entered a meteorological drought in January and is currently facing summer in all representative basins except Júcar and Segura, which fell into a meteorological drought on May 31, 2022.
Specifically, the SPI index (Standard Precipitation Index in English) fell at that time, so meteorological drought increased in most of all accumulation basins except Guadiana and Sur and Guadalquivir, where SPI increased. and Júcar, where he remains constant.
In short, after a humid but very warm spring with a recent heatwave, Spain will face a meteorological drought and a credible forecast that the summer will be an average of 0.5ºC warmer than usual every three months. less rain than usual for that period.
Environment department contact address:email@example.com