The period from 29 April to 9 May 2022 will be seen as a fundamental phase in the history of European construction in the future, as it institutionally catalyzes the momentum given to the joint project, first through the pandemic and then through globalisation. Putin’s aggression against Ukraine.
On 29 and 30 April, the Conference on the Future of Europe, where randomly selected citizen juries, non-governmental organizations and representatives of all institutions and national parliaments worked for a year, concluded. The main message emerging from this pioneering experience of European participatory democracy is the need for more and better Europe.
more Europe This means greater capacity for the Union to act in the face of the great transnational challenges we face: climate change and energy, migration, digitization, epidemics and now security and war. It is clear that we need more European sovereignty to protect our vital interests, including energy, food, medical and technological supplies. Two crises, public health and war, highlight Europe’s weakness in the availability of basic needs, from paracetamol to electricity, animal feed and other essential products. The energy, industrial and agricultural rearmament of our continent cannot be postponed with the strengthening of the climatic and social dimension. We must include in the agreement a social and ecological protocol that includes social rights and climate neutrality on par with market freedoms. A more sovereign Europe when implementing foreign and defense policy is also essential to reflect our values, thus protecting International Law and norms as vectors of international relations, in the face of power and force dynamics, if not pure aggression. In the case of Ukraine.
best europe means more transparent, efficient and democratic. On the one hand, it is imperative that the Council, where decisions are taken by twenty-seven governments, cease to be an essentially obscure institution, and that its positions are not always known, but only through leaks to the press. But above all, the rule and culture of unanimity that allows a single country to thwart important measures must be abandoned, especially in difficult times like the current one, such as the adoption of the sixth package of sanctions proposed by Josep Borrell. Ban on importing oil and gas from Russia. Finally, the Union must be more democratic. It is clear that after the adoption of the 750,000 million Euro Rescue Plan and funding programs for ERTEs (SURE) or military assistance to Ukraine (European Peace Facility), the Union has consolidated its role as a spending and investment agent. It should be even more so in the face of inflation and a possible recession as a result. But this already requires more democratic legitimacy, especially through the strengthening of the European Parliament, so that such important decisions are only taken by governments. In other words, new unions in migration, defence, energy and social fields require complete political and constitutional unity to sustain them. At the same time, the Union needs to be more participatory, as with the Conference itself, with citizens’ juries directly participating in decision-making processes.
In short, the Conference calls for the general sensibility of citizens and institutions for a more federal Europe, which means the adoption of a new Treaty. Only the far right, including Vox, has positioned itself against it. As a result, the European Parliament adopted a resolution on 4 May, by a large majority, supporting the conclusions of the Conference and calling for a Constitutional Convention to be convened to make them effective. The Council of Europe is expected to adopt the proposal in the last weeks of the French presidency at the end of June 2022, in line with the speeches made by Von der Leyen, Metsola and Macron in Strasbourg on 9 May.
All this coincided with another milestone, which was endorsed by the European Parliament’s plenary session on 3 May. Proposal for a new European electoral law the person I am a reporter for. For the first time, the idea of creating a pan-European constituency in addition to national elections came to the fore, creating a transnational debate during the election period by showing candidates for the President of the Commission in all Member States. Holding European elections and holding European political parties whose names and logos must be on the second ballot. This has also been one of the arguments of the Conference’s citizen panel. If the Council accepts the Parliament’s motion, it will be a giant leap forward in the creation of a genuine European demo.