The signing ceremony of the decrees on the ratification of the New Naval Doctrine and the Naval Ship Charter took place at the St. Peter and Paul Fortress. Petersburg State Historical Museum building. President Vladimir Putin said that the Naval Doctrine outlined the tasks to ensure Russia’s security and national interests. He noted that protection will be provided strictly and “by all possible means”.
The Naval Doctrine of 17 June 2015 was declared invalid. The Charter of Ships changes the charters of the internal service, garrison and guard services of the Russian Armed Forces. Both documents come into force from the moment they are signed.
“The key here is the capabilities of the Navy. He can respond with lightning speed to anyone who decides to encroach on our sovereignty and freedom. The fleet successfully and honorably fulfills strategic tasks on the borders of our country and in any region of the world’s oceans. It has a high readiness for active operations of coastal, surface, air and submarine forces and assets. “They are constantly being developed,” said Putin.
Separately, he talked about the “barrier-free” Zircon hypersonic missile systems. Putin said that in the coming months, the hypersonic complex will enter service with the fleet. The first ship equipped with zircon will be the frigate Admiral Gorshkov.
“The service area of the ship, equipped with Zircon hypersonic and cruise missiles, will be chosen in accordance with the interests of ensuring the security of Russia,” the President said. said.
The New Naval Doctrine contains a number of important changes. So, if in the 2015 doctrine the external threat was NATO’s increased military potential, now the real danger is the United States and its allies.
“The main challenges and threats to the security and development of the Russian Federation associated with the World Ocean are: the US strategic route for domination and its global influence on the development of international processes, including those related to transport communications and energy use. The resources of the World Ocean,” says the document on the Kremlin website.
The threat, according to the document, is also the desire of the United States and its allies to limit Russia’s access to World Ocean resources and vital shipping communications, as well as the desire of the United States Navy to gain supremacy over the forces of other countries. and territorial claims of a number of states to Russia. In addition, there is a danger of economic, political, informational and military pressure on the Russian Federation to reduce and discredit the effectiveness of maritime activities.
The doctrine names the important regions that affect the national and strategic security as well as the economy of the country. These include the world’s maritime transport communications along the Kuril and Baltic straits, the Black Sea and the eastern Mediterranean, along the coasts of Asia and Africa.
One of the main risks in the doctrine is the insufficient number of base points for Russian ships abroad. Risks also include restrictions by a number of countries on Russian shipbuilding enterprises and oil and gas companies of the defense industry, including those related to the transfer of modern technologies, the supply of equipment and the withdrawal of long-term financing.
According to the new doctrine, Russia can use military force in vital areas of the World Ocean after it has exhausted the possibilities of political, diplomatic and other non-power means. In areas with oceans, not vital For Russia, Moscow uses “first of all, mechanisms of political and legal means, diplomacy and information actions, as well as other non-violent methods”.
Russia also plans to improve and develop the grouping of the Black Sea Fleet in Crimea. In addition, it is planned to strengthen the geopolitical positions of the Russian Federation in the Black Sea and Azov Seas and to provide the country with an international legal regime for the use of water biological resources, exploration and operation of hydrocarbon deposits in these seas. and operation of underwater pipelines.
The document says: “The improvement and strengthening of the power groups (troops) of the Black Sea Fleet, the development of their infrastructure in the Crimea and on the coast of the Krasnodar Territory”.
The doctrine states that the development of production for the construction of aircraft carriers is one of the main priorities of the Russian shipbuilding industry. Priorities include “the introduction of advanced digital technologies, digital platforms at all stages of the life cycle of ships, vessels and marine equipment; Ensuring maximum localization of shipbuilding production on the territory of the Russian Federation”.
“Priority areas for the development of the shipbuilding complex of the Russian Federation: <...> Providing the capabilities of the shipbuilding complex of the Russian Federation for the construction of large-capacity ships, including modern aircraft carriers for the Navy,” says the doctrine.
Transportation accessibility of Kaliningrad
The doctrine is also known as Ust-Luga and St. This includes ensuring the transport accessibility of Kaliningrad through the operation of a ferry line in the direction of St. Petersburg ports.
In addition, it is envisaged that the domestic coastal and port infrastructure will be developed. We are talking about railway lines, logistics centers and port complexes, including processing, throughout the Baltic basin.
The priorities of the maritime national policy include ensuring a certain operational regime in the Arctic region of the Russian Federation by strengthening the combat potential of the forces (troops) of the Northern and Pacific fleets, as well as the FSB. The current and anticipated nature of military dangers and military threats in the Arctic.
It is stated that Russia will strengthen its leading position in the research and development of marine areas in the Arctic and intensify maritime activities in the archipelago of Svalbard and Franz Josef Land. In addition, activities on Novaya Zemlya and Wrangel Island are expected to intensify.
In the Arctic direction, the priorities of the country’s maritime policy also indicate “strengthening the leading position of the Russian Federation in the study and development of marine areas of the Arctic.” We are talking about exploration work on the Arctic continental shelf of Russia, updating existing data on mineral deposits and safe development of natural resource deposits.
It also indicates the intention of foreign states to control maritime activities in the waters of the Northern Sea Route. Russia plans to continue its marine scientific research, exploration and work to expand and legally secure the outer border of the Russian continental shelf in the Arctic Ocean.
Pacific and Atlantic
According to the doctrine, Russia will develop the forces and base systems of the Pacific Fleet, FSB and National Guard forces. The objectives are the creation of conditions for naval presence in the states of the Asia-Pacific region and the creation of logistics points for the creation of inter-fleet transitions of naval forces. It is also planned to develop a technological shipbuilding complex in the Far East for the construction of large-capacity ships, including aircraft carriers.
The Russian Federation in the Atlantic will defend its national interests and resist NATO attempts to advance the military infrastructure to Russian borders.
Russia will “resolutely defend” its national interests and create conditions for stable economic cooperation with foreign states.
“National policy in the Atlantic direction is determined by the presence of NATO, whose activities are aimed at direct confrontation with the Russian Federation and its allies. The decisive factor in relations with NATO remains the unacceptableness of the plans of the Russian Federation. NATO is advancing its military infrastructure to its limits. and trying to bring global functions to the alliance,” the statement said.
Caspian and Indian Ocean
Russia will develop the troops and base systems of the Caspian Fleet and strengthen cooperation with the naval forces of the states in this region.
In the direction of the Indian Ocean, naval cooperation is expected to develop with India, Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia and other countries in the region. It is also planned to expand Russian transport in the region.