Russia will leave the ISS in 2024, but will fulfill its obligations to its partners

Russia will leave the ISS after 2024, but will fulfill its obligations to the project partners, knowledgeable Yury Borisov, Managing Director of Roscosmos. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that the decision to withdraw the Russian side from the ISS was taken a long time ago.

In May, Roscosmos and RSC Energia signed a contract for the development of the draft design of the Russian orbital station for 2.69 billion rubles (R&D “Creation of the space complex of the Russian orbital station”), work should be completed by March 31, 2024.

official farewell

“Of course we will fulfill all our obligations to our partners, but the decision and the decision to withdraw from this station after 2024,” Borisov said in a report to Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Borisov noted that by this time Roscosmos will begin to build the Russian orbital station.

In response, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov saidHe said that the decision to withdraw Russia from the ISS project was made not on July 26, but before. He was asked whether Russia’s decision not to participate in the ISS project after 2024 had been agreed with President Vladimir Putin.

“The decision was made even earlier,” Peskov replied.

The United States expected cooperation on the ISS to continue until at least 2030, but Russia has repeatedly expressed doubts about the possibility of this under the sanctions.

national station project

The first statements about the creation of the National Orbital Station appeared in 2014, against the backdrop of international conflict and politicians’ statements about the possible withdrawal of Russia from the ISS project after 2020.

“Kommersant” in 2014 it happened He is aware of the possible deployment of a Russian high-latitude orbital station. It was noted that the launch of the national station into orbit is one of the key proposals of the project for the development of manned astronautics by 2050. In 2015, it was reported that China could be involved in the National Station project.

In 2020, General Designer of RSC Energia Vladimir Solovyov spoke about the damage to a number of elements of the ISS and the need to create a Russian station.

“There are already a number of elements that have been severely affected by the damage and are out of service. Many cannot be changed. After 2025, we predict an avalanche-like failure of multiple elements on the ISS, ”Soloviev later said at the RAS Space Council meeting.

The council then decided. recommend Roscosmos and RSC Energia will continue to work on the development of the station.

Solovyov presented the appearance of the new Russian station, the project was called ROSS – Russian Orbital Service Station. The station will consist of three to seven modules with a crew of two to four people. It will also be able to work offline to reduce operating costs. It is proposed that the station be deployed in the period after 2024 – more precisely, the timing is not specified.

According to Solovyov, the design will be similar to the Mir station, which operated from 1986 to 2001. The composition will include at least five modules: basic; target production; material support module (warehouse); platform module (kal) for assembly, launch, acquisition and service of spacecraft; Commercial accommodation for four tourists with two large portholes and WiFi access.

In January 2021, Dmitry Rogozin, the former head of Roscosmos, said that a visit to the settlement of the new orbital station is likely, which will reduce operating costs. According to him, the tasks of assembling complex flight modules, refueling and repairing ships, testing the performance of new systems and equipment in space will be solved at the station.

In April of the same year, Rogozin said that the Science and Energy Module (NEM) designed for the ISS would be the first component for ROSS. At the end of June 2021, RKKK Energia presented four options for creating a Russian orbital service station based on both ISS modules and newly developed modules in orbits with different inclinations. At the end of August, General Designer Solovyov announced that the enterprise began to create the draft design of the station.

On March 29, Rogozin announced that RSC Energia was tasked with completing the design of ROSS by 2022 and ensuring that the station’s first module is ready by 2025. On May 26, the Space Council of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Presidium of the Roscosmos Scientific and Technical Council concluded that the ROSS station should be automatic, the participation of the crew will be required only in delivery and installation. equipment. The station will be able to observe the entire planet.

In May, Roscosmos and RSC Energia signed a contract for the development of the draft design of the Russian orbital station for 2.69 billion rubles (R&D “Creation of the space complex of the Russian orbital station”), work should be completed by March 31, 2024.

The fate of the ISS without Russia

Russia will continue to fulfill its obligations and send cosmonauts to the ISS. July 14 Roscosmos and NASA accept About cross flights on Russian and American ships. The Russians will make three flights on their Crew Dragon ships, the first of which will go to Anna Kikina next fall.

The fate of the International Station after 2024 remains unclear due to the wear and tear of individual modules, and the possibility of the station leaving an uncontrolled orbit has also been repeatedly discussed, since the latter was corrected by the engines of the Russian Progress cargo ships. . For the first time, a test fix was carried out by the American “truck” Cygnus on June 25, but later Energia said that such a maneuver is impossible without the Russian engines, which must be turned on in order to open the ISS and return it to its “orientation.”

In addition, Rogozin has repeatedly said that if large sums of money are not invested in its repair, the ISS could “break apart” before 2030.

Yury Borisov, head of the Roscosmos state agency, said that Russia has decided to leave the International Space Station (ISS) project after 2024. However, he noted that all obligations to partners will be fulfilled.

Source: Gazeta


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