The heat suffocates the grains and gives the finishing touch to a campaign with 44,000 tons less production.

It has been one of the most talked about topics in recent weeks, and the high temperatures, which broke all records in May and June, are increasing the population. sweat the oil drop. But if people are suffering under the influence of completely out of control thermometers, plants are even worse. One of the most obvious examples is grains suffocating materially. In fact, the heat, which dried the crops prematurely, was the last straw of a campaign. Production of the province of Alicante fell by about 44,000 tons, also due to factors such as torrential rains at the beginning of spring. Losses are around 12m euros in a context where farmers are unable to take advantage of the rise in prices caused by the war in Ukraine.

Ukraine is seen as the breadbasket of Europe, so the Russian occupation led to higher prices that seemed to benefit the rest of the producing areas, including the province of Alicante. However, all hopes on this factor were dashed as a result. a disastrous campaign. Pointing out Gonzalo Cots, a producer from the El Comtat region, who didn’t hesitate to point out that everything had gone wrong from the beginning, Gonzalo Cots said, “First there were rains with records of up to a thousand liters per square meter, flooding the fields and delaying germination, and now that heat is it. so powerful that it dried the grains ahead of time without finishing the grains. problems arose at decisive moments for cultivation“.

Ricardo Ferri, representative of the l’Alcoià region and Asaja, expresses it in similar terms, emphasizing that the impact is not equal depending on the areas where the plantations are located. Stating that those in the north of the province were the most affected, saying, “I am willing to collect 20 percent of the harvests”, it is estimated that the province lost half, which corresponds to approximately 44,000 tons. there would be an approximate price in the market 12 million €.

As such, producers will not be able to benefit not only from the decrease in yield, but also from the increased yield, from the increase in grain prices, which was almost double the previous year. fugitive production costs. José Ramón Beltrán, responsible for the grain industry in La Unió, condemns this and states: diesel increased by 215%, electricity by 77% and fertilizer and phytosanitary products by more than 30%. “Even if the harvest were high – he complains – the economic results would not be viable because there is no price to pay for such high production costs.”

In this sense, La Unió demands measures to compensate for these increases in inputs, for which the Spanish Government has called on Brussels to suspend tariffs on imports of raw materials for fertilizer production. It also proposes the establishment of a public system for determining reference production costs for agri-food contracts and adequate financial allocation by Public Administrations. reduce foreign grain dependency and avoid possible shortcomings.

Heat wave creates uncertainty in sunflower harvest

The heat also created uncertainty about the future sunflower harvest, a crop that spreads about 30% more in the province, coinciding with the rise in prices triggered by the war in Ukraine. And high temperatures forced replanting, given the fact that the first did not take root properly due to the superficial dryness of the soil. “It may be a good alternative to partially compensate for losses saved with cereals, but we don’t know if it will germinate properly at the moment, so it’s all complicated,” says producer Gonzalo Cots.

Source: Informacion

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