Denmark It was approved in a referendum held this Wednesday to eliminate the exception. matter of defense of the common policy European Union (EU) has been in force for three decades, according to an exit poll by public television DR.
According to DR’s estimation, those in favor of the abolition of this measure received 69.1 percent of the vote, 30.9 percent for the opposite option, while in another poll of the semi-public channel TV2, the distance was reduced to 30 points.
Reaction to the war in Ukraine
The consultation was convened by the Social Democratic Government at the beginning of March. reply Russian military intervention in Ukraine and after an agreement with four more political parties that together make up almost three-quarters of the seats in Parliament.
Polls pointed to a comfortable “yes” victory from the start to clear the exception, and the high undecided number in some polls – up to 20% – only added to some uncertainty.
Denmark rejected the Maastricht agreement in a referendum in 1992, but ratified it a year later in a new consultation with exceptions in four areas: monetary and economic union, defence, police and legal cooperation, and citizenship after the Amsterdam Treaty, although the latter is considered unimportant.
Exception in defense Denmark cannot participate in EU military missions -but yes civilians- neither in discussions nor in negotiations about that field. and prevents it from becoming a member of the European Defense Agency and the Permanent Structured Cooperation (CEP).
But its membership NATO reduced the real effect, As Denmark also participates in EU military missions, however, the Alliance is under the UN flag or subordinate to other countries.
Danish Prime Minister Social Democrat Mette FredriksenPointing to the war in Ukraine and the importance of closer European cooperation in the previous campaign, and without obscuring the symbolic nature of the issue, he insisted that he took “greater responsibility” for his own safety.
Those unwilling to change the existing model, forces farther right and left of Parliament, resorted to traditional Danish skepticism towards Brussels and The danger that the creation of a hypothetical European army could lead to its domination.
This Wednesday was the ninth European consultation held in Denmark, and for the third time, one of the exceptions was put to a popular vote: on the previous two occasions, on the euro in 2000 and legal policy in 2015, they had won supporters. model.