Scientists at the Leicester Diabetes Research Center have found that having type 2 diabetes more than doubles the chance of dying from certain types of cancer. The research was published in the journal diabetology.
More than 137,000 people were included in the study. On average, each participant was followed for about eight years. The researchers found that between 1998 and 2018 the overall mortality rate decreased for all age groups. However, the death rate from type 2 diabetes has increased.
The study found that the risk of dying from cancer is generally 18% higher in the presence of type 2 diabetes. The mortality rate was 9% in breast cancer and 2.4 times higher in colon cancer.
Some cancers have previously been shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes. These include cancer of the liver, pancreas, and endometrium. In these types of tumors, the risk of death was twice as high in the presence of diabetes.
The study also noted a 4.1% yearly increase in breast cancer deaths among young women with type 2 diabetes.
Scientists believe that prolonged exposure to high blood sugar and insulin levels, insulin resistance, and chronic inflammation can cause some cancers and potentially make others more deadly.
The authors of the article warn that the number of deaths could rise sharply if additional measures are not taken to combat the obesity epidemic, which is also associated with an increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Previously, this disease was mainly considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
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