Author Boris PahorSlovenian-speaking Italian and concentration camp survivor Along with the horrors of 20th century totalitarianism, the Nazis he described in his novels, died this Monday in Trieste at the age of 108 (northeast Italy), Italian media reported.
Author and greatest representative of the Slovene language spoken in his homeland, which was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1913, the year he was born, He shook the world with his great autobiographical novel ‘Necrópolis’, in which he described the horrors of war and concentration camps..
Pahor was a living symbol of the traumatic events unfolding in northwestern Italy as it witnessed fascist persecution, exile in Nazi camps, and the eastern border where Tito’s Yugoslavia was proscribed.
He wrote about thirty works of fiction and non-fiction, always in Slovenian, which have been translated into various languages.. He was awarded the French Legion of Honor in 2007 and the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic in 2020.
“With Boris Pahor a great writer, a giant of the 20th century Those who know how to describe the horrors of beer (extermination camps) and exile deftly, clearly and without half measure, and who denounce all forms of totalitarianism. “I sympathize with the grief of Italian Culture Minister Dario Franceschini, his family and many of his friends who have lost a point of reference today.”
Pahor, II. He was sent to the front in Libya during World War II and later joined the Slovenian National Liberation Front, but was arrested and handed over to the Gestapo.
She managed to survive thanks to her placement as a nurse after being sent to different concentration camps.
Recognition in Italy came too late. ‘Necropolis’ had to wait thirty years to be translated into Italian in 1997 and was only released in 2008 by a major publisher. With a foreword by Claudio Magris, who described it as one of the masterpieces of the 20th century, when Pahor was already 95 years old.
In Italy only the small publishing house Nicolodi published other works: ‘Il rogo nel porto’ (2001), ‘La villa sul lago’ (2002), ‘Il petalo giallo’ (2004) and ‘Una spring difficile’ (2009).
But after the birth of independent Slovenia in 1992, Pahor received the country’s highest cultural award, the Prešeren.