Giant steps are being taken in the social state model, which is blurred by frictions and constant polarization. But, that’s what happens with a stoic attitude. If there is no political elevation – an unknown and empty expression of the public interest inherent in some – to whom do we throw the responsibility? Ah! The final measure consists of the ratification of the Convention of the International Labor Organization (ILO) No. 189 by the Congress of Representatives. about decent work for domestic workers. Two years later, we are faced with an international document dating back to 2011, although it was signed by 35 countries in 2013 and entered into force. It is true that the union world has always been behind the demand for approval, but so far it has had a tough chance.
Housework is work done in or for a household or household. In this field, the employer is not a professional entrepreneur and does not profit from the work of the employees. Work takes place in the family home environment. It is therefore a clear enlargement of rights for those who exercise an effective “professional profession”, not the occasional or occasional one. Protection against harassment, abuse and violence in the workplace, the requirement to have working conditions in writing, the control of working hours, the elimination of the employer’s withdrawal figure will have an impact on the control of legality. Housing and food wages, safety and health conditions in the workplace, the perception of minimum wage, activities to prevent occupational risks or of course unemployment benefits have been denied so far.
What philosophy does it include? Its ultimate teleology is to equate the rights of these “domestic occupation” workers with the rights of other employed workers. This approval obliges our country’s labor legislation to comply with these requirements and gives us a temporary period (1 year) to ensure this legal adaptation. The status of discrimination in this sector has recently been recognized by the EU Court, taking into account that they do not have access to unemployment benefits due to gender. It arises from a preliminary ruling by the contentious Court of Vigo in connection with the case. lits regarding a request to contribute to protection between a domestic worker and TGSS unemployment situation, that denied him. The CJEU noted that refusing to include them in unemployment protection led to indirect discrimination based on gender.
No one can escape the fact that the industry is predominantly women and approximately 600,000 people participated. Needless to say, a significant percentage do this without a legal employment relationship, so they do this from the opaque economy.
Concerning the ratification of this international convention, “domestic workers”- enjoy fair and at the same time favorable employment conditions. If they live in the house where they work, they should take advantage of their living conditions and at the same time respect their privacy. A period begins when the Ministry of Labor and Social Economy must design a space for pedagogy.
The welfare state does not mean the substitution of political representation for corporate representation or the substitution of parties for trade unions. What it contemplates is the State taking on new tasks that do not replace old and traditional ones, with reference to security, defense or public order; definitely, old New duties based on the dignity and protection of the least favored. It’s yours leitmotiv