Despite efforts to attract innovative companies and the strength of the nascent tech sector, the reality is that the desired change in the economic model has yet to change the podium. professions that monopolize more contracts in the province. a classification of jobs no qualifications required They continue to hold the vast majority of positions.
In this way, untill 76% of all jobs those created in the state last year required only one level. primary studies (51.29%) or Mandatory Secondary (24.68%), 8.05% of those requiring completion of the Baccalaureate, 9.46% of those requiring some type of specialization through FP, and just 6.36% of those requiring a university education. By the way, some percentages are practically Tracked down those who signed up in 2019before the pandemic.
This is how the Alicante Labor Market Report, prepared annually by the Separate Occupations Observatory, represents the largest employment X-ray in the province.
After the decline caused by prison and covid containment restrictions, the total volume of contracts signed in Alicante last year reached 584,881, representing a 23.2% return, although still far from 683,016 in 2019. .
What hasn’t changed is the occupations that concentrated the largest volume of these hires, once again a list led by waiters, more than 65,000, 39% more than in 2020. one in ten These high-volume contracts created in Alicante last year are also short duration of each, It’s one of the problems that labor reform, which went into effect this year, is trying to solve.
In the second position manufacturing industry workers42,524 contract signers, 21.3% more; next farm workers (excluding those working in greenhouses or gardens) 36,469, 8.22% more added. A below-average increase in demand for agri-food products as one of the occupations best resisted in the first year of the pandemic.
Commerce consolidated as the fourth largest employer in Alicante, employing 34,871 people. vendors in stores and warehouses, 38.4% more; at the same time in the fifth position Cleaning staff21,075 additions, 25.29% more.
Greenhouse and garden workers (21,075 contracted, 6.06% more), transport workers and unloaders (20.412, +42.69%), kitchen helpers (15,204, +44.39%), masons (14,807, -7.55%) and chefs (12,690, +40.78%) complete the “Top 10” of the most in-demand occupations.
Regarding the general features of the contract, only 11.78% were uncertain, A situation that has changed radically this year, with labor reform causing 56% of new jobs to be permanent. However, in 2021 it is still almost 4,300 people chaining ten or more contracts from Alicante in a single year. As for the working day, 58.9% of new jobs are full-time, while 41.1% have to agree to work part-time.
long term unemployment
On the other hand, one of the consequences of this two-year pandemic has been a significant increase in the number of long-term unemployed. According to the research, from the end of 2021 97,726 from Alicante registered in Sepe offices unemployed for more than a year55% more than in 2019. six out of ten unemployed province in this case. Almost two-thirds of these – 62.7%- woman. By age, the largest group is over 54 years old, followed by the 45-54 age group.
A gender gap that remains dormant
Despite all the progress made in the area of gender equality, statistics from the Separate Occupations Observatory show that there is still a clear distinction between occupations that are considered male and female. For example, only 0.84% of bricklayers or 2.38% of truck drivers hired last year were women. On the other hand, female labor force constitutes 94.76% of the jobs performed as caregivers at home and 82.8% of those employed as cleaning personnel.