This is the giant fissure dividing Africa: it could create a new sea

Africa is slowly but steadily splitting in two. Like any geological phenomenon, it will take millions of years to complete, but eventually Part of East Africa separates from the rest of the continentpossibly resulting in the formation of a new sea between the two emerging land masses.

This gigantic rift is one of the world’s largest rifts in Ethiopia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique.

This crack system actually shows: the african plate splits into two subplates: the smaller Somali plate and the larger Nubian plate. According to a study done in 2004, they are separated from each other at a very slow rate, only a few centimeters per year.

area of ​​separation unnecessary

The result will probably be like this The Horn of Africa region sets itself apart from the restIt forms a kind of large long island.

In 2018, a big crack suddenly appeared

In 2018, specifically on March 18, residents of a small town in southeastern Kenya believed they had been the victims of a catastrophic event. They literally saw the floor open under their feet, It created a huge crack that was several kilometers long and twenty meters deep. They had never seen anything like it.

Cross section of the crack that appeared in Kenya in 2018 agencies

This rift was related to the East African rift and is an indication of how it evolved.

Geologist Lucía Pérez Díaz of the Royal Holloway College Dynamic Fault Research Group said in the journal: Speech “The current activity along the eastern branch of the Rift Valley, which runs through Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania, arose when a large crack suddenly appeared in southwestern Kenya.”

For Perez Diaz, This cleavage It is unique on the planet as it allows for live observation of the different stages of fracturing..

The most interesting break began about 30 million years ago in the Afar region of northern Ethiopia. It has since spread southward to Zimbabwe. an average of 2.5 to 5 centimeters per year.

Panel showing the Rift Valley getty

Currently in the Afar, the Earth’s solid outer layer, called the lithosphere, almost completely reduced to breaking point.

Pérez Díaz explains that when it breaks, a new ocean will begin to form, and that “within tens of millions of years the seabed will move along the entire crack.”

As a result, the African continent will shrink and It will be a large island in the Indian Ocean consisting of parts of Ethiopia and Somalia, including the Horn of Africa.” indicates.


Contact address of the environment department:

Source: Informacion


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