This Ipomoea alba or sunflower, It is a perennial climbing plant species that is part of the Convolvulaceae family. Although the homeland of this plant is tropical regions of America, it can be found in various parts of the world due to its popularity as an ornamental plant. Its common name, “sunflower,” comes from its ability to open its large, beautiful white flowers at dusk and keep it open all night.

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Sunflower is a strong vine It can reach a height of 5 to 10 meters, using other plants or structures as supports. Its leaves are large, dark green in color and have a distinctive heart shape. However, the most striking feature of the sunflower is undoubtedly its flowers. They are pure white, trumpet-shaped and can be up to 15 cm in diameter. At night, the flowers emit a sweet, delicate scent to attract nocturnal pollinators such as moths.

how to grow sunflower

As for its cultivation, sunflower prefers well-drained soil and regular watering. It can withstand short periods of dryness, but grows best if the soil is kept evenly moist. Although primarily a tropical plant, it can be grown in milder climates if a warm, sheltered location is provided during the colder months. Moreoverneeds a location in full sun to produce the most flowers.

Ipomoea alba, or sunflower, can reach 10 meters shutter

There is also a sunflower significant cultural use in parts of the world. In China, for example, it is used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of conditions. It is also used in ceremonies and festivals, such as the Mid-Autumn Festival, where sunflowers are used to decorate lanterns and other ornaments.

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Despite its beauty and usefulness, it is important to note that all parts of the sunflower are in bloom. they are toxic if swallowed. This is due to the presence of alkaloids, which can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea if the plant is consumed. Therefore, it should be kept away from children and pets.

In short, the sunflower is a beautiful and fragrant plant that can add a tropical appeal to any garden or balcony. With its climbing ability and impressive night flowers, this plant is truly a gem for any plant lover.