The war that “opened the gates of hell” and spawned a new Middle East

Just one year after the US invaded Iraq to overthrow its regime, a democratizing the crusade in the area and find some great weapons of destruction never existed, head of the Arab League, then Egypt Amr Musaissued a warning, which ultimately turned out to be a hunch. ” the gates of hell They opened up in Iraq,” Musa said at that meeting in Cairo at the end of 2004. I was not exaggerating. Nothing in the region has ever been the same. In the Iraq disaster, second jihadist wave Tormenting half of the world for years, renewed sectarianism that poisons coexistence Normalization in the Middle East failed states in the Arab world. This balance of power radically changed in the region and US power The region was never the same again.

famous American political scientist joseph nye He wrote that the war in Iraq left its mark on the United States. the end of the “unipolar moment” which he has enjoyed since his victory in the Cold War and the beginning of his life. “hegemonic decline”while burying his experiment, “democratic expansion”. Washington did not know how to win the war, nor did it know how to win the peace. And his reputation was greatly damaged. As much as his incompetence in running Iraq after the invasion, “war on terror” or because of the cynicism he tramples international standards It is not surprising that no Arab country today gives support to justify the invasion. counter western sanctions Russia Nor did he join the chorus of “moral outrage” at the Kremlin’s actions in Ukraine.

One of the biggest mistakes of the first months military occupationdecision that will resonate for years liquidating Iraqi security forces marginalizing the Sunni community that holds power and Saddam Hussein in a predominantly Shia country. “The net result of Bremer’s decision was to leave. 350,000 officers and conscriptsmen on the street with some kind of military training, which instantly created a potential pool of soldiers for guerrilla warfare,” he wrote. Anthony Sadid‘The New York Times’ late correspondent in the Middle East.

jihadist bee nest

Here came the pictures sunni rebellion facing US forces for years, but also a al-Qaeda It barely had a foothold in the country when Saddam was in power. The deep humiliation caused by the occupation among the Arabs, Osama bin Laden and Abu Musa al-Zarqawi then to mobilize the second great jihadist wave in modern history. Soviet occupation Afghanistan in 1979. obscene fear It didn’t take long for it to spread to and around the Arab world. european diaspora while leaving a trail of blood on the road. The witness was taken by the Islamic State, which consists of former al-Qaeda members in Iraq and ex-radicalized prisoners in US prisons.

Saddam’s overthrow Iranian The gates of the closest US-supported enemy in the brutal Iran-Iraq war, in which more than a million people died in the 1980s. Together Shia majority government first in Baghdad and in the process of the disintegration of the Iraqi state, Tehran gained a foothold in Iraq through countless networks of militias, spies, and allies. And he took advantage of the fall. Saudi ArabiaA man who had to give up his bases for the US invasion and wanted to expand his influence in the region. shia crescent moon fugitive Yemen via Iraq Syria, Lebanon And Loop.

Saudi armament against Iran

Saudi Arabia reacted quickly and, like other Gulf states, arm yourself to the teeth To contain Iran from 2007, when defense spending began to skyrocket. That would let him in. war in Yemen or play a relevant role through third parties Syria war. Everything was worse for him. PalestiniansAs the fire in the region progressed towards the Tigris, the reason for this was an invisibility that gradually disappeared from international discussions and was emphasized with the explosion of the fire. Islamic State.

Syria initially took the US invasion and its forces’ threats to Damascus very seriously. neoconas it shows Withdrew from Lebanon in 2005 Participating in the democratization imperative after or during the 30-year occupation temporary opening But it didn’t last long. Bashar al-Assad already knew that the risk of US intervention was minimal when he began to suppress the Arab Spring with artillery and gas on his people.

Because if the war in Washington did anything, it was to kill its own people. intrusive appetite And forerunner a refusal abroad, coupled with bad results in Afghanistan. Barack Obama wasted no time in shifting the geostrategic focus from the Middle East to the Pacific in order to contain it. Chinese. And while the US continues to have more military bases in the region than its rivals, its failure in Iraq and its reluctance to use the so-called base. hard power They served to discourage their opponents. This much Russiastrengthened in Syria, like a China that continues to make its way through trade. And all this, the idea multipolar world Defended by Moscow and Beijing, the country is moving towards a region that has learned not to trust the United States.

Source: Informacion


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