At the Sevmash enterprise in Severodvinsk, a ceremony was held today for the withdrawal and launch of the strategic missile submarine “Emperor Alexander III” from the slipway.
The submarine is already the seventh ship of project 955 and the fourth of project 955A (09552) Borey-A. The official keel-laying ceremony on the sled of the Emperor Alexander III submarine Sevmash was held on December 18, 2015 with the serial number 207.
RPK SN is planned to become part of the 25th submarine division of the Pacific Fleet (Krasheninnikov Bay, Kamchatka Peninsula) by the end of 2023.
As before Wrote The boat “socialbites.ca” was designed by JSC “Central Marine Engineering Design Bureau” Rubin “and belongs to the fourth generation nuclear submarines.
The strategic missile submarine of the Borey-A project has improved performance in a number of ship systems compared to its predecessor, the Borei project submarines.
“Emperor Alexander III” will differ from the project 955 boats by modernization in the following areas: noise, maneuvering, holding at depth, weapons control.
The displacement of the ship on the surface is 14,720 tons, under water – 24 thousand tons. The length of the submarine is 170, the width is 13.5, the draft is 10 meters. “Emperor Alexander III” develops a speed of 29 knots under water and can dive to a depth of 480 meters. The crew of the ship is 107 people (including 55 officers).
Project 955A RPK SN is armed with Bulava intercontinental ballistic missiles (16 SLBMs). According to various sources, the R-30 “Bulava” (SS-NX-30) is capable of carrying from 6 to 10 individually targetable nuclear units, maneuverable along the route and height. The firing range of the R-30 significantly exceeds 8 thousand km.
In addition to missiles, the hull has six bow 533 mm torpedo tubes (maximum ammunition capacity is 40 torpedoes, rocket torpedoes or self-propelled mines). USET-80 and UGST torpedoes and RPK-6M Vodopad missiles can be used from the boat.
In addition, there are six disposable, non-reloadable 533mm REPS-324 “Barrier” launchers for launching sonar countermeasures located on the superstructure (similar to Project 971 boats). Ammunition – six self-propelled sonar measures: MG-104 “Launch” or MG-114 “Beryl”.
As before Wrote The project of strategic submarine missile carriers 995A (“Borey-A”) “socialbites.ca” was successful and has good prospects for modernization, and therefore the series can be continued even after all currently contracted submarines have been built. .
The process of replacing nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles is gaining momentum in the USA. The only type of strategic missile carrier currently in service with the US Navy are the 14 Ohio-class nuclear submarines built in the 1980s and 1990s. In the near future, they need to be replaced by 12 submarines of the Columbia class.
Currently, the naval strategic nuclear forces of the Russian Navy include one RPK SN project 667BDR (Pacific Fleet, K-44 Ryazan), six 667BDRM submarines (K-51 Verkhoturye, K-84 Ekaterinburg, K- 114 Tula, K-). 117 Bryansk, K-18 Karelia, K-407 Novomoskovsk), one 941U – TK-208 Dmitry Donskoy (all from the Northern Fleet, TK-208 was withdrawn from the combat force of the Northern Fleet this year) and four submarines of the 955 and 955A “Borey” project (2 – Northern Fleet, K-535 “Yuri Dolgoruky”, K-549 “Prince Vladimir”, 3 – Pacific Fleet, K-550 “Alexander Nevsky” , K-551 “Vladimir Monomakh “, K-552 “Prince Oleg”). K-553 “Generalissimo Suvorov, on which the Andreevsky flag is hoisted today, will become part of the Pacific Fleet.
The missile submarines of the Borey and Borey-A projects will form the basis of the naval strategic nuclear forces of the Russian Navy in the near future.
Barbara Dickson is a seasoned writer for “Social Bites”. She keeps readers informed on the latest news and trends, providing in-depth coverage and analysis on a variety of topics.