Why didn’t these engines have oil filters?


On the edge XIX And XX For centuries it was impossible to purchase an oil filter for a car. Such a detail simply did not exist, because the designers did not see the need for it! The engines of the first “self-propelled carriages” had a primitive open crankcase lubrication system in which all engine bearings were lubricated by gravity. The oil slowly seeped onto them from the IV, then dripped onto the floor. At the time, they didn’t care much about the environment.

Moments later, they realized: is it worth wasting motor oil so mediocrely?! The most agile was American Ernest Sweetland – the one who successfully patented an industrial filter for prospectors in 1907.

He realized that the auto industry could bring him huge profits. And in early 1922 he patented – take note! – not a device, but a method to “prevent wear of moving parts of motors”. That is, first of all he defended the principle of oil filtration in an internal combustion engine, and then the design itself! Later, he had to fight numerous courts that challenged his priority. But eventually the hype subsided – he won.

The oil in the Zaporozhets lubrication system was cleaned by a centrifuge on the toe of the crankshaft. For cleaning it was necessary to disassemble the structure and fill everything around with mining.

The oil in the Zaporozhets lubrication system was cleaned by a centrifuge on the toe of the crankshaft. For cleaning it was necessary to disassemble the structure and fill everything around with mining.


There were quite a few oil filter designs. Consider domestic cars that are in the heart. On the ZIL-130 truck and the famous ZAZ-965 humpback whale, centrifugal cleaners were used, in which huge particles of dirt were deposited on a centrifuge – cheap, primitive and cheerful.

On the Volga M-21 and Moskvich-407 there was a two-stage filtration system, which included two filters – coarse (full-flow) and fine (non-full-flow) cleaning. The coarse filter was a set of metal plates and stars: for cleaning, the structure had to be turned manually. The fine filter, connected in parallel, had a replaceable filter paper element.

Such a system justified itself, since at that time engine oils were changed very often – for example, according to the instructions for the Volga GAZ-21, the oil should be changed every 2000-3000 km, preferably with a cardboard filter. Now such a frequent replacement can be ruined.

Why didn't these engines have oil filters?Volga GAZ-21 lubrication system with coarse and fine oil filters.

Volga GAZ-21 lubrication system with coarse and fine oil filters.

Only with the advent of more advanced motor oils, less viscous and more resistant to fading, did so-called full-flow filters begin to be used, which simultaneously filter all the oil passing through the oil line. Initially, such filters contain replaceable filter elements (cartridges), as on the Volga GAZ-24 and Moskvich-412.

And along with the Zhiguli, a disposable filter in a metal case came to the country. Such filters are still the most common. Although some manufacturers, especially European ones, with their environmental approach, have left replaceable paper or synthetic cartridges in their engines that are easier to recycle. An example is: Opel Mercedes BMW Peugeot and others.

Why didn't these engines have oil filters?A modern GM engine uses a replaceable filter element. It’s good for the environment, but less for clean hands and the floor in the garage.

A modern GM engine uses a replaceable filter element. It’s good for the environment, but less for clean hands and the floor in the garage.


Purchasing a reputedly expensive oil filter is a reasonable waste of money. However, it is no secret that in difficult operating conditions of the machine (urban traffic jams, off-road, driving with a trailer, etc.), the engine oil change, as well as the oil filter, should be carried out twice as often as recommended. And finding a really high quality filter from a well-known brand is not an easy task.

Therefore, it is reasonable for owners of mass-produced cars to rely on budget products from well-known suppliers, which, with periodic replacement, behave no worse than more prestigious products. After all, an oil filter is a typical consumable item, of which frequent replacement with a new owner only has advantages.

Therefore, a wide range of car filters under the Za Rulem brand has appeared on sale. They are produced in the best Russian factories, are of high quality and are cheap due to the lack of branding, complex logistics and reliance on exchange rates.

Why didn't these engines have oil filters?A modern and affordable oil filter “Behind the wheel”, which is suitable for a number of Hyundai/Kia cars. The main thing is that they have an engine of the Gamma family with a working volume of 1.4 or 1.6 liters. Suitable for G4FA, G4FC, G4FG engines installed on Solaris, Rio, Creta, Seltos, Elantra, i30, Soul. Even suitable for older Hyundai Accent and Getz models.

A modern and affordable oil filter “Behind the wheel”, which is suitable for a number of Hyundai/Kia cars. The main thing is that they have an engine of the Gamma family with a working volume of 1.4 or 1.6 liters. Suitable for G4FA, G4FC, G4FG engines installed on Solaris, Rio, Creta, Seltos, Elantra, i30, Soul. Even suitable for older Hyundai Accent and Getz models.

You can choose filters for your car and find the nearest dealers here

Source: Z R

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