Car-sharing services appeared in Moscow in 2015. Then there were only 350 cars in the fleet, 30 thousand people used the service. Every year the number of cars in the fleet grows, as does the number of new users. If there were 44 million rides with shared cars in 2020, the number of rides rose to 50 million in 2021.
Since the beginning of this year, users have already made 14 million journeys and in just 7 years of the service’s operation, more than 186 million journeys.
Today there are about 30 thousand cars and more than 1 million active users of carsharing. This is the largest park in the world. There are 4 operators in the city, you can rent vans, electric cars and premium cars.
Moscow supports short-term rental services. Since 2018, the city has been providing subsidies to car-sharing operators to pay off some of the lease payments. Subsidies are provided for cars produced in the Russian Federation. For 4 years, the amount of subsidies awarded to car-sharing operators amounted to 516.3 million rubles. So, thanks to the support of the Moscow government, about 24 thousand cars were bought. The average age of a shared car is 2 years, while today no car older than 4 years is in use.
Last September, the mayor of Moscow signed changes to the rules for the provision of car-sharing services. For example, the eco-class of a car has been raised to Euro-5, which will reduce the amount of harmful emissions into the atmosphere in the future. Now the entire car-sharing fleet meets this requirement and new cars are purchased no lower than this class. Conveniently, the maximum car rental period has been increased to 7 days, now you can rent a car for trips to the country, for example on weekends and holidays.
And there is less paperwork. Now all preferential parking permits are issued exclusively in electronic form. This means operators do not have to spend time traveling to the office and carrying papers.
What do operators stand for in 2022?
This year, due to price changes and the lack of new cars on the market, it has become more difficult to update cars – car sharing operators have also faced this problem. The company was in a difficult situation, so the city council decided to provide additional support to car-sharing operators, taxis and rental services.
By decision of the mayor of the city, Sergei Sobyanin, the subsidy for the purchase of cars has been doubled. The increase in subsidies will allow companies to meet their financial obligations to banks and save jobs – more than 2,000 people work in car-sharing services today.
The permitted period of validity of preferential parking permits for shared cars has been extended from 3 to 4 years. This means operators can use vehicles that would have to be withdrawn from the market for another year. This is 13 thousand cars. This measure allows them to save money on fleet renewal.
The city continues to give operators a discount on parking permits, allowing users of the service to continue to park for free in all city parking lots. The age of shared cars, for which parking permits can be issued, has also been increased from 1 year to 2 years.
But the requirement for operators to integrate the payment function into the single city application “Moscow Transport” has been postponed until January 2023. This gives operators more time to adapt payment processes to new market conditions and reduces the financial and IT burden on car-sharing operators.
Today there are about 30,000 cars on the car-sharing fleet. This is one of the largest parks in the world. Thanks to measures to support cars, the number of cars in service will not decrease – operators will be able to keep the number of cars in Moscow at its current level.
In addition, the Duma is now considering a bill to abolish the long-term buy-out of lease cars. This allows companies to buy more than 12,000 taxi and car-sharing vehicles without paying too much.
What do the operators say?
According to Aleksey Sergeev, General Manager of Citydrive, the service remains active and is actively developing to make car-sharing even more accessible.
“Since the beginning of this year we have put more than 3,000 new cars on the line, now their number is over 9,300 units. Moreover, we are not resting on our laurels: we expect deliveries of cars under new lease agreements and expect the fleet to expand to 10,000 cars in the near future. As we have the latest fleet, the cars will not be taken off the production line for years to come, allowing us to fully meet the demand for car-sharing services. The Moscow Ministry of Transport also provides support to the industry,” Alexey Sergeev told Za Rulem.
He added that this year, the company not only continues to expand the number of vehicle fleets, but also adds a variety of cars, giving users a wide choice. In the past month, the service has introduced rental by the minute for popular Tesla electric cars in Moscow and also added these electric cars to all cities of presence (Moscow, St. Petersburg, Sochi). The capital’s Citydrive park has also been supplemented by the exclusive Tesla Model Y, which first appeared in the world in the Citydrive carsharing.
Citydrive also regularly introduces new options for users to make the car rental conditions even more flexible. For example, a new rate “4 weeks” has been launched in Moscow, in which a user can rent a Smart fortwo car for a period of four weeks. “For the user, this is a convenient analogy of a personal car, but for us it’s an opportunity to give the customer more freedom of movement,” added the company’s CEO.
Yandex.Drive’s press service said the company plans to actively develop the direction of the subscription (long-term car rental) and maintain prices. For example, in March the demand for a Subscription doubled compared to February. In addition to Subscription, Drive also continues to focus on business products.
In recent years, Moscow has become the epitome of the car-sharing market and the current trend shows that demand will only grow.
“In the current situation, the increase in the cost of buying a private car and maintaining it makes car-sharing the most democratic and efficient means of transport. Delimobil’s mission is to provide the most affordable and convenient mobility for city dwellers. Therefore, it is now especially important for us to meet the needs of our users and further develop the service by adding new tariff options, expanding the geographical location and the fleet. We are grateful to the Moscow Ministry of Transport for their support and are convinced that, thanks to our synergy, we will provide the best opportunities for city residents every day,” said Elena Bekhtina, CEO of Delimobil.
Car sharing is not just a car around the corner, but a new behavioral model
Carsharing in Moscow is no longer just a “car around the corner” that can get you from point A to point B. This is a new model of relationships between city dwellers who rationally use a common resource that is not inferior to a private car comfortably, and sometimes even exceeds it.
The transition to car-sharing of personal vehicles is driving changes in transport behaviour: time-based payment encourages everyone to take a more balanced approach to their “move demand” and to plan their trips in the city more economically.
Compared to 2000, the number of 18-year-olds who want to buy a car immediately after obtaining their driving license has decreased by 30%. Now about half of young people do not want to rush to buy their car. The service is actively used in the construction of multimodal routes. In 2021, users made 647,000 such rides with shared cars. Given the high demand, car-sharing in Moscow will continue to develop and become even more convenient for users. Car-sharing is getting more and more functions and possibilities, and city dwellers will have even more choice about how and what to move around Moscow.
- “Behind the wheel” can be read in Odnoklassniki.
On average, one car-sharing car per day is used in Moscow by 6-7 people. Thanks to the service, more than 90 thousand passenger cars are idle every day, which reduces the burden on the roads and the ecology of the city. But it wasn’t always like that.
How will carsharing develop in Moscow?
Source: Z R