The Daily Mail reports that the project is designed to facilitate the participation of trans women in women’s football. It is noted that FIFA plans to lift the testosterone threshold for transgender people and allow them to participate in competitions according to their own identities. Consultations are ongoing to finalize and adopt reforms.
It is stated that a transgender woman may not be allowed to participate in competitions if she retains some form of competitive advantage. A commission consisting of experts in the fields of medicine, psychology, law and human rights will be established for each specific case.
Perhaps the most famous example of transgender women in women’s competitions is New Zealand weightlifter Laurel Hubbard, who competed in the Tokyo Olympics. He was allowed to come to the Games by changing the selection rules for the Competitions. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has determined that for women’s competitions, the level of the male hormone testosterone should be below 10 nanomoles per liter of blood serum during the year prior to the competition.
Interestingly, Hubbard has been competing with the cis women since 2017, when she won first place in the over 90kg category at the Australian Open. In the same 2017, she won the silver medal of the World Championship. She lifted 124 kilograms in the snatch and 151 kilograms in the clean and jerk.
But at the Olympics itself, Hubbard was unsuccessful. Despite appearing to be one of the main contenders for medals, he failed to complete at least one successful attempt.
Another example of transgender women in the senior women’s competition is swimmer Leah Thomas. The athlete won three gold medals at the US Women’s Championships. He won the 200-yard sweep, breaking the 500-yard record and also breaking the 1650-yard record 38 seconds before the second-place finisher.
In an interview with ESPN, she stated that she didn’t make a transgender transition to win contests.
“People say, ‘He did it to get the upper hand and now he can win.’ But I did it to be happy. Trans women competing in women’s sports are not a threat to women’s sports,” she said.
In August 2021, the International Skating Union (ISU) officially allowed trans people to compete.
“In order to switch from the female category to the male category, a written statement stating that the gender identity is male is required. If a trans figure skater starts hormone therapy, she cannot return to the female category. To progress from the men’s category to the women’s category, total testosterone levels must be below 5 nmol/L for the 12 months prior to the first competition and for the entire competition period thereafter.”
It was also learned that on June 19, the International Swimming Federation (FINA) will create a separate category for trans people. This was announced at the extraordinary congress of FINA by the President of the organization, Hussein Al-Musallam.
“We welcome all athletes. I am against all kinds of discrimination. However, we are also obliged to ensure a fair fight in competitions, we must protect the interests of all athletes, especially women,” he said.
FINA will be the first international federation to host separate competitions for trans people. A working group will be formed to organize the open category participation of trans people in FINA competitions and will report on the work done within six months.
However, there are instances where trans people are prohibited from participating in competitions.
In January 2022, the British Cycling Federation changed the rules for participation in tournaments for trans and non-binary athletes so they could compete with cis women.
However, the International Cycling Union (UCI) intervened and prevented trans woman Emily Bridges from competing in the national omnium championship until her case was reviewed by the UCI, who started hormone therapy last year.
Already in April, the national federation announced the temporary suspension of the participation of transgender people in official competitions.
It is worth noting that the IOC Executive Board approved a project in November 2021 explaining the principles for the participation of trans people in sports competitions. According to the document, testosterone levels will no longer be an adequate basis for determining whether an advantage over competitors is fair. Therefore, hormonal therapy is no longer required for admission to the Olympics.
The old rules have been in effect since 2004. According to them, only Hubbard managed to participate in the Olympics.