The war in Ukraine after the invasion by the Russian army creates significant tensions and dilemmas, not only at the military, strategic and political level, but also at the humanitarian level in a very specific way. Everything points to the fact that the short and vigorous operation proposed by Russia, a crushing victory and control over the entire Ukrainian territory, turned into successive failures and bloody battles at a very high cost for the Russian army. In terms of human life and military equipment, its maximum base is the loss of twelve high-ranking generals on the battlefield, killed by Ukrainian troops.
All of this was made possible by Western countries and NATO’s supply of military supplies, supplies, ammunition, resources and above all intelligence at levels never before seen in a war of this type. So much so that there is talk of what is technically called “”.proxy war”, wars in which forces from another country are used, in addition to the military forces of one state against another, through soldiers, militias, teams or fighters of a different nature. But Russia resorts to it to the extent that it has to rely on Wagner’s bloody mercenaries, Chechen volunteers, Dagestan forces, Kazakh and Belarusian soldiers, militias from Syria and other forces currently on the ground. leading fights.
However, the military brutality and accompanying hostilities, especially in eastern and southern Ukraine, raise the possibility of a prolonged war with no apparent peace plan and accompanied by great destruction. very high human cost.
According to UNHCR reports, we’re talking about ten million internally displaced people, to which we have to add another six million refugees seeking protection in different countries, the fastest refugee migration since the Second World War. All this without stopping the bombing of cities and urban centers affecting energy reserves, industrial facilities, core goods supply centers, energy supply networks, hospitals, schools and all kinds of essential infrastructure.
The crisis and the humanitarian needs of the population have triggered levels of solidarity from both governments and the community and humanitarian organizations. The UN’s urgent appeal for Ukraine was one of the largest, fastest and most generous in its history. Even in countries like the UK, public fundraising run by the Disaster Emergency Committee has received the largest funding contribution ever seen, it’s happening in other countries as well.
Now, the situation is so complex that it brings with it new dilemmas, tensions and human problems of great complexity that are not easy to solve. This has been recognized by international organizations and research centres. Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG), one of the world’s leading research and communication teams on human relations.
In the initial responses presented to the affected population, dynamics running on different and sometimes contradictory elements, often spontaneously, intervened. Solidarity based on the disjointed response of civil society is not the same as aid directed through specialized organizations and strongly tied to local groups. In the same sense, there have been different human traditions; one of them maintains the need for neutrality regardless of any assessment of the conflict, while the other, unlike the other, also affirms that a condemning humanity of resistance must be presented. and openly rejects brutality against the civilian population. In any conflict involving two states fighting in opposite directions, recourse to neutrality does not seem to necessarily improve responsiveness. Therefore, it is difficult to argue that this neutrality and independence from countries and organizations that inject millions of euros into weapons and military supplies when delivering their humanitarian aid is something that determines and determines the regions and populations assisted. Never before has this colossal contradiction been experienced so crudely.
This is why voices are beginning to rise calling for a change in the way this humanitarian aid is expressed and channeled through small-scale mutual aid groups in war-affected areas. Also, something that would change some of the conditions that Western donors place on the aid they provide, such as the possibility of providing aid to affected populations in Russian-controlled areas.
Undoubtedly, at the humanitarian level, this war should prompt us to reflect on key issues such as the narrative we use, the donation and fundraising systems, channels and forms of channeling, humanitarian coordination procedures as well as humanitarian aid processes. operating models and new technological tools available. Never forgetting the needs of the suffering population.