Five-key deal, break and possible realignment of nuclear deal with Iran

this nuclear deal Iranian 12-year crisis between Tehran and the West is over and after 21 months of tough negotiations between the country of the Ayatollahs and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (China, the United States, France, the United Kingdom and Russia) plus Germany. this The goal is Iran’s failure to develop its nuclear weapons program.. These are the keys to an agreement, its breakup and possible reorganization:

Obama’s Last Legacy

A few months before the end of his term as US president, Barack Obama signed the nuclear agreement with Iran on July 14, 2015 – China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the European Union also signed this agreement. He It was historical: the US withdrew its sanctions Government of the Islamic Republic against and in return for Tehran, do not enrich uranium more than 3%. With this enrichment, only useful energy for civilian purposes is produced and is far from the 80-90% required to create an atomic bomb.

Trump breaks this and imposes sanctions

agreement Worked until May 2018. Donald Trump, the then president of the United States, announced that he was withdrawing from a deal that had since become an invalid letter, despite timid attempts by Brussels to keep it afloat. The reason for the failure was simple: Trump imposed brutal sanctions on Iran, whose economy was collapsing.

Iran enriches uranium for nuclear bomb

Tehran’s response to the withdrawal did not take long. Iran started accelerating uranium enrichment and meanwhile, tensions have escalated, especially with the 2020 killing of Mohsen Fajrizadeh, the alleged father of the Iranian nuclear program. In May 2022, the United Nations atomic agency claimed that Iran already had enough uranium to make an atomic bomb.

Biden at the White House and a new beginning

When? As Joe Biden became president of the United States in January 2021, hope grew: Biden was one of the instigators of the deal when he was Obama’s secretary of state. However, already in the campaign and later in office, Biden warned that negotiations would not start if Iran did not stop enriching uranium first. The message from Tehran was the same but the opposite, If the US had not withdrawn its sanctions, no one would have sat at the table. against the Islamic Republic. Negotiations with the EU as mediator continued in Vienna, but progress was made.

The war in Ukraine and the lack of oil

Negotiations reversed last spring. Europe, later Russian invasion of UkraineStops imports of Russian crude oil -not gas- With a major energy crisis planned for this winter, Brussels has begun to press with Josep Borrell in charge of negotiations to revive the deal and import Iranian oil. Despite Russia’s obstacles to reviving the agreement, there are several issues that need to be resolved, according to Iran. In a few days or weeks, the atomic soap opera Trump started four years ago could be over.

Source: Informacion


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