49% of overtime hours are not paid in Spain

Number overtime working hours In Spain and non-payments continue to rise and in the second quarter quarantine 2020 was a year when a large proportion of the population moved from home to work and the lines between office and private life blurred. This is confirmed by the latest data from the active population survey (EPA). 49% of overtime hours not paid in spain. According to INE records, it is the highest level seen since the second quarter of 2020 and the highest percentage in the last five years when the covid period is ignored. saying labor fraud effects half a million employees nationwide, women are hurting more than men, and to stop it, the fact that the Department of Labor has implemented a specially designed algorithm that the inspectors consulted are still unaware of.

13 million hours In Spain they work on a monthly basis and companies do not pay them. This is the highest figure since the second quarter of 2020. initial state of alarm For many workers who quickly and quickly turned the dinner table into a work table, the lengthy workday that could not be agreed upon due to the difficulties of reconciling work and family life was multiplied.

According to a study by Consulting straw, 61% proportion of employees who telework and then repeatedly work overtime and are not paid or compensated for holidays. Overtime and unpaid work are now strongly increasing, with a lower percentage of teleworking. The extension of the working day and the record number of job vacancies, on the one hand, continue to have the highest rate in Spain, with 2.8 million unemployed. European Union.

Unpaid extension of the working day fraud is fixed in the labor market governed by the working day. accordion principle. It contracts when economic activity is low and rises when GDP rises. It is not for nothing that the quarters with the most overtime hours are concentrated in the periods before the double real estate and financial bubble burst, or at the beginning of the post-crisis recovery. great recession. The record for unpaid overtime hours was recorded in the second quarter of 2008. 15.7 million hours one month.

“This recovery in overtime and unpaid overtime shows that informality is on the rise. Faced with the uncertainty of what will happen in the coming months, there are employers who prefer to force an extension of the working day rather than hiring their workers in the second half. When activity is expected to decline, overtime will fall again”, The labor secretary of the CCOO of Catalonia confirms, Ricard Bellera. “It shows the inability of many employers to understand that other business models are possible and they trash this opportunity,” he adds.

And although recent governments have tried to end this bad business practice—which saves executives’ salaries and widens the gender gap—they have so far failed to make it permanent. First Manager in 2019 Pedro Sanchezwith Magdalena Valerio At the head of the Ministry of Labor approved the obligation to record the working day. Since then, companies must legally track the hours their employees do, thus avoiding unpaid overtime.

Three years after the rule came into effect, half of the companies are not audited, and the proportion of unpaid days is still linked to economic cycles. According to research by the human resources company Kenjo, three out of 10 companies in Spain do not have time records, although it is mandatory.

“The recording of working hours is a useful tool, it helps us inspectors prosecute overtime fraud,” says the head of the Labor Inspectors’ Union (SITSS). Ana Ercoreca. Adding to the growing technological dependence of many businesses, this regulation is new tools in favor of inspectors. “If a person is working using a computer, we can check if they are working out of hours via VPN connection,” explains Ercoreca.

However, she realizes that it is not enough to avoid non-payment of half of the overtime hours because while it is easier to detect fraud now when there is an inspection, the problem is that there are no people to do those inspections. According to the organization’s 2020 report, Spain has 2,005 civil servants, including inspectors and sub-inspectors, to monitor the conditions of more than 20 million workers, i.e. 1 inspector for every 10,000 workers.

The new initiative of the current government and the second vice president, Yolanda Diazis to strengthen the Labor Inspection to oversee. The selected tool consists of a specially created algorithm to help inspectors track and detect signs of work and non-payment before they go to the workplace.

This algorithm was baptized as: MAX (More algorithms for less work) – It was announced in early June and the latest data from the EPA doesn’t allow us to measure whether it’s working or not. For that, we’ll have to wait for the third quarter’s EPA, which will measure the first three months the algorithm is in effect. They say they currently have not received any instructions from SITSS on how the MAX works to date.

The rate of overtime worked but not paid does not have the same incidence among men and women. A total of 880,500 employees across Spain work overtime at regular intervals. Among them, some 453,000 are employed but not paid, and this is more common among female workers. Among these, if the total of unpaid overtime hours is 45.1% of the overtime hours worked, the said rate increases by 10 points to 55.7%. This can be explained in part by the frequency of this practice among certain professions, for example, scientific activities wave Education, where more than 70% of overtime hours are unpaid and account for almost a third of the total unpaid overtime hours between the two unions.

Source: Informacion


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