Progress and stagnation in sexual diversity in Latin America

Susel Paredes wants to become president of Peru. But the Purple Party congressman has an urgent fight that must be fought first, not just in his name. The Supreme Court has just ruled out the possibility of registering the contractual relationship with Gracia Aljovín in Miami in 2016 on the National Registry of Identity and Marital Status (Reniec). Paredes decided to take her case to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR). “The fight for our honor continues. I will do this for love, armed with reason and courage.He said that Peru is not one of the Latin American countries where same-sex couples have equal access to marriage, such as Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Chile and Uruguay, and he was upset. Federal District has this opening. Cuba, Bolivia, Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic still do not have such a legal figure. The horizon is narrowing in Venezuela. establishes a marriage between a man and a woman, which we have signed and ratified. That’s what I’m defending”, repeats attorney general Tarek William Saab. This omission is even more obvious in the Paraguay case: The Civil Code expressly prohibits.

It is estimated that more than 33 million Latin Americans consider themselves part of the world. LGTBI collective. The conditions for fighting in favor of visibility and against criminalization have changed significantly compared to the 1960s or 1980s. However, the horizon was not fully opened. According to a 2019 report by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLAC), the regional population that identifies and acknowledges, publicly or otherwise, “experiences” of a non-heteronormative sexual orientation or gender identity, discrimination, violence (material and symbolic) and inequalityDespite advances over the past two decades, particularly through the legal recognition of certain forms of couples and the enforcement of gender identity laws, cases of “homophobic and transphobic violence that appear to have structural foundations” still persist. In Paraguay, Venezuela, and Mexico Nothing aggravating “hate crime” cataloging crimes against that segment of the population. The recent Americas Summit in Los Angeles tried to make these issues visible.

Four countries partially involved LGBT rights to the Constitution: Ecuador, Bolivia, Cuba and Mexico. Meanwhile, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay criminalize discrimination based on sexual orientation. In Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Uruguay, joint adoptions are accepted for six-six couples. The new Chilean Magna Carta, which will be presented to a popular consultation in September, will be the most advanced on the subject in the entire continent. The Family Law, which should be discussed in Cuba and approved by society, should include the recognition of the formation of different types of families, among which are called gender-diverse and gender-diverse families. In Argentina, a new National Identity Document (DNI) for non-binary persons has been in effect for one year.

Legal and material violence

Central America and the Caribbean showing the other side This is the region where sexual diversity is considered the highest crime, with penalties ranging from five to 15 years in prison in Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. . .

The gap between legal recognition and everyday experience often has a common denominator with death. About 1,300 people of various sexual orientations or gender identities were killed between 2014 and 2020. During the pandemic, the murders of trans women did not stop. In Brazil, because the far right rules The wave of intolerance and exclusion grew. The Observatory for Transgender People Killed ranked this country as the country with the highest number of cases in 2021 (125), followed by Mexico (65), Honduras (53), the United States (53) and Colombia (25). “The average life expectancy of trans women and transvestites in Brazil is 35 years. This is a racist, LGBTphobic and sexist country, and it does not recognize these problems,” says Erika Hilton, the most voted member of parliament and trans woman in Brazil. It is the municipal elections that have become one of the most active accusers of President Jair Bolsonaro. The retired captain even said before he came to power that he would prefer a dead son to a gay son.

Source: Informacion


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