Colombia elects its new president this Sunday amid the turmoil. On the one hand, a very close fight between Gustavo Petro and Rodolfo Hernández for the votes of 39 million citizens. Polls predict tense scrutiny and a narrow winner of the competition. The other singularity of this contest is that both petroleftists historical pact, does not come from traditional parties like its rival. Historical elites are only one spectator, as never before, of an outcome that shows the extent to which Colombia has changed since the end of the armed conflict in 2016 and the societal outbreaks against the right-wing government of Iván Duque in 2019 and 2019. 2021.
Petro (previous value) guerrilla, but for decades he has been a man of the political system. business man HernandezInstead, beyond a brief stint as mayor of Bucaramanga, building enabling him to amass a fortune 100 million dollars. In a sense, the “old man from Tiktok” who gets his electoral power from social media anti-system candidate by perfection. Some analysts think he looks more like Salvadoran Nayib Bukele than Donald Trump. Hernández had the support of the Conservative and Liberal parties. Although scorned by the engineer, Uribismo endured and also called for a vote for him: it would have been worse if the moderate left, somewhat associated with Cold War communism, had won. A section of liberalism has rebelled against their leadership and will favor the Historical Pact. Some of the political center seems to be leaning, somewhat reluctantly, in the same direction. Beyond these alignments, indecisivealmost two million, the winner’s name is in their hands.
not just a ghost fakeFueled by Petro and permanently rejected by Duque, he has been flying over that country for days. The Election Observation Mission (SGM)The most violent election period in the last 12 years“Only so far in 2022 Assassination of 86 social leaders and 21 former members of the FARC, a group that laid down their weapons in 2016. There is violence in the air. The Office of the Ombudsman confirmed this Sunday that there are “high and extreme risks” for armed actions involving FARC or ELN opponents, far-right paramilitary groups or drug traffickers in 290 municipalities.
the weight of inequality
The disagreement between Petro and Hernández is far from accidental. Although the Colombian economy has recovered from the effects of Covid-19, with a growth of 10.6% in 2021 and expectations of 6% this year, 40 percent of the population lives in poverty. Colombia is the third country with the most unequal income distribution in Latin America, after Brazil and Guatemala. The OECD estimates that it takes, on average, four generations for a person born in the lowest-income social group to become part of the middle class. But Colombia breaks this rule: It takes 11 generations to move from one social universe to another. This is one of the reasons that explains the successive epidemics and the opening of a part of the society to other electoral alternatives.
Before the second round came an avalanche of fake news, but at the same time, the correct information that only the vote count would allow us to deduce also affected the preferences of the citizens. magazine Change a video posted a few hours before the elections “exotic celebration” On a yacht sailing off the coast of Miami. The new champion of the fight against corruption, Hernández, is with “so-called international lobbyists” and “joyful young women”.