Until last February, Luba had a son and a house. Moschun. She was concerned about her job and day-to-day work as a masseuse at a nearby health centre. He also had to deal with the recent death of his elderly mother. Now, in her gym clothes and never smiling, Luba walks among the ruins of her house, her head bowed, stepping over the riddled dishes and the remains of burnt tools. The mess of ash, lime and metal on the floor makes it hard to imagine what this one-story building used to look like. Nothing remained standing. Everything is burned and destroyed.
Moschun It was a small town with modernist houses, manicured gardens, and a comfortable life. But when the Russian siege of the Ukrainian capital began, its geography was a curse: about thirty kilometers from Kiev, with its military bases and an airport nearby, it quickly fell into the hands of Russian troops, and within a few weeks it was one. focal point of the most violent conflicts first stage of war was launched this year by Moscow in Ukraine. The brutality was such that when the Russian Army finally left the area, local residents discovered how far the war had gone there.
Sergii Zavadskyi, a member of the Rotary Foundation’s Ukrainian branch, explains this by numbers. “Over 400 houses in this town, 70% of which were damaged by bombing, and about 150 of them are now uninhabitable. It’s incredible to see something like this in the 21st century, and it’s a big worry for winter,” he says in front of Luba’s house. Zavadskyi explains that this woman is one of the many people affected in this town where rebuilding still seems like an empty dream. Neighbors currently do not have the support of a few people. volunteers charitable, because the contribution of national and international funds has not yet arrived.
76 years old, Dmitry Vasily Mikhailovich He says he’s also not optimistic when pointing to the remains of two old, burnt-out cars he keeps in his garage, and a two-story home that’s now a pile of rubble. “We didn’t get much help. No one contacted us and we’re still waiting. It took me years to build this house and I’ve got nothing left now,” he complains, as his wife picks up the pieces of a life. ceased to exist from the earth.
Fearing the return of Russian soldiers to this part of Ukraine, the Ukrainian authorities hastened to announce their reconstruction plans. In May, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky even launched a platform (called United24) that allows any country, institution and person. Donate money to Ukraine For rebuilding, the Kyiv Government began working on a bailout plan to rebuild the economy and demanded compensation from Russia for the damage it had caused. In parallel, a Marshall plan for UkraineAs Europe and Japan achieved after WWII, but for now, a date for its operation and launch has yet to be announced.
estimated cost economic impact of war already, to date, it is stratospheric for Ukraine. “Current figures speak of about $600,000 million in damage, and the final figure could go up to a trillion dollars or more. We will need a lot of help to rebuild 44 million square feet of homes and commercial buildings that have been destroyed all over the country. , close to 200 industrial plants and also with 25,000 kilometers of damaged highways,” he says. economist Sergiy Tsivkachhead of investment center Ukraine Invest.
Threat of the common cold
The most pressing problem is the horizon of the universe. winter. Until then, in a country where the mercury column is often a few degrees below zero, a solution must be found for the hundreds of people who would otherwise be left on the streets. As Tsivkach says: “It’s vital that they help us, and it needs to happen before winter. It’s estimated that we’ll need $36,000 million for homes and businesses alone,” he says, quickly explaining that he could be his biggest supporter of potential investors or donors. International Monetary Fund, United States and European Union, as well as humanitarian organizations.
It’s not going to be an easy or quick way. One of the reasons is that we will also need to watch where the money goes. And the preface accepts approaches. Ukraine It ranked 122nd out of 188 (with 44 million inhabitants in times of peace) (closer to countries like Niger or Mali). corruption perception index That’s when Transparency International was elected president in 2019, after Zelenski was elected president after a wave of citizen anger over the situation. But things have not improved since then, and in 2021 Ukraine remained in the same position.