It was known how a plant-based diet affects the risk of developing diabetes. Metabolism: A diet rich in grains increases the risk of diabetes 01/16/2024, 20:19

A research team led by scientists from Queen’s University Belfast (Ireland) found that a plant-based diet based on fresh fruits and vegetables reduces the risk of developing diabetes by 24%. Consuming too much refined grains and sugary drinks increases the chance of getting this disease. results published In the journal Diabetes and Metabolism.

113,097 people participated in the research. Initially, scientists collected information about the participants’ health and dietary habits and also took blood samples from them for initial analysis. After this, the participant observation phase began, which lasted for 12 years.

After the observation period, blood tests were repeated. A healthy plant-based diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and whole wheat flour was found to reduce the risk of developing diabetes by 24%, even in the presence of genetic predisposition and other risk factors for diabetes (obesity, old age). , lack of physical activity).

Simultaneous excessive consumption of sugary drinks (such as fruit juices), high-sugar foods, and refined grains has been associated with an increased likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. A healthy plant-based diet helps maintain normal levels of blood lipids (triglycerides), blood sugar (HbA1c), C-reactive protein (an indicator of inflammation in the body), and insulin-like growth factor. These indicators reflect the likelihood of developing diabetes.

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Source: Gazeta

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