Crisis in the Red Sea: Protect shipping or expose the Middle East to a new war

United States Central Command (CENTCOM) gave information about a new operation this morning; but it was smaller in scope than the 73 strikes the US and UK launched the previous day on at least six provinces in Yemen controlled by the Iran-backed Houthis.

Much of Western society justifies these bombings as protecting the security of the Red Sea; Because the Houthis’ attacks on commercial ships passing through this important trade route cause serious disruptions in global commercial goods traffic.

But far from deterring them, Yemeni rebels have beaten the drums of war and vowed to respond harshly. “unfair” attacksIt threatens to open a new front in the war in the Gaza Strip.

These main keys Crisis in the Red Sea.

Who are the Houthis?

Although its official name Ansar Allah (Supporters of Allah) group is better known as the Houthis, after its founder. Hussein Bedreddin Al Huti, He is the one who started this movement against the Yemeni government’s corruption in the 1980s and its close ties with Saudi Arabia and the United States.

The movement, which mainly advocates the Zaydi Shiite branch of Islam and is funded and supported by Iran, captured Yemen’s capital in 2014. Angerand captured large areas in the north and west of the country, where rebels have since continued to fight the internationally recognized Government.

The conflict intensified in 2015 with the intervention of the military coalition he led. Saudi Arabia He was supported by the United States to confront the rebels, who not only withstood the powerful offensive and bombings, but also continued to advance in their quest to take control of Yemen.

According to various estimates, the group Between 100,000 and 200,000 warriors and a vast arsenal of weapons, largely supplied by Iran, that leads the Axis of Resistance, the informal anti-Israel alliance of the Houthis and other Shiite armed groups in the Middle East.

Why are they attacking the Red Sea?

since mid November Houthis launched dozens of attacks Attack against merchant shipping in the Red Sea to put economic pressure on Israel to halt its operations against the Gaza Strip, where the group supports the Palestinian movement Hamas.

This has resulted in major shipping companies around the world having to adjust their routes to avoid transiting this route, through which almost 15% of global maritime trade takes place. 8% of grains, 12% of oil and 8% of world trade in liquefied natural gas.

The crisis in the Red Sea is reflected in prices cost of a barrel of crude oil It has already risen around 4 percent since the US and Britain bombed Yemen early on Friday to protect global economic interests.

A new war in Yemen?

Washington and London They assure that they do not intend to confront the Houthis and confirm that these attacks only serve to deter the group and limit their ability to launch missiles and drones at cargo ships, although the rebels have declared war on these two countries.

Likewise, the rebels have warned that they will defy the United States by warning that they will continue to launch attacks on Israeli-bound ships and all ships heading to Israeli ports, while also promising to respond. “firmly” American and British bombings.

The US expects a response from the Houthis, although it has assured that the group’s capabilities have diminished following the attacks. Persian Gulf and Middle East They expressed “extreme concern” that this conflict could lead to a regional conflict.

Source: Informacion


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