At this stage of the special military operation, Ukraine most needs means of protection against sea and air-based cruise missiles, as well as tactical ballistic missiles.
In this regard, the military-political leadership of Ukraine has recently repeatedly expressed its desire to acquire the Israeli tactical missile defense system “Iron Dome” (Iron Dome). It was developed by the Israeli company Rafael. One Iron Dome battery can protect an area of 150 square meters. km. Rafael reports that the Iron Dome system can hit missiles at an altitude of up to 10 km. In the future, the firing range of the Iron Dome is expected to be increased to 250 km.
However, there are currently no free systems in the Israel Defense Forces. All pre-manufactured Iron Dome perform combat missions to cover the Israeli skies. Even if a political decision is made to supply the Iron Dome to Ukraine (and such a possibility has not yet been formally evaluated), it will take a long time for the Israeli defense industry to comply with this order, the Ukrainian crew will be retrained. , the system will come to Ukraine.
In addition, many complexes will be required, and given the scale of the country, the Iron Dome will not be enough for Ukraine’s sky. Finally,
This complex proved to be very positive indeed when it was a matter of confronting the Palestinians with their semi-manufactured rockets coming from the Gaza Strip. There is no data yet on how effective this complex will be against modern high-precision missiles.
Probably much more realistic is the supply of various unmanned aerial vehicles to Ukraine, and in the development of UAVs Israel is one of the undisputed leaders.
Especially Kyiv is interested in such a device as the Harpy (“Harpy”). This UAV is designed primarily to combat radar stations. The Harpy was designed by Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) and is based on the “flying wing” plan. The maximum speed of the device is 250 km / h, and the range is 400 km. Flight time is three hours.
Of even greater interest for the Ukrainian armed forces is idle ammunition of the Harop type. The device was developed in the design office of the MABAT plant, which is also one of the subdivisions of the IAI concern.
This UAV was created taking into account the experience of using Harpy attack aircraft. It is equipped with radar and a high-definition digital camera. Harop can patrol a given area for a long time and destroy ground targets. The device is started from a container-type mobile launcher. The flight range of the UAV reaches 1000 km and the navigation time reaches 6 hours. The UAV Harop proved to be excellent during the war between Azerbaijan and Armenia.
Information about the possible delivery of weapons, military and special equipment to Ukraine by Israel is currently clearly contradictory.
If some high-level officials and the media talk about the negotiations on this issue in Kiev, the authorities in Israel remain silent.
At the same time, the Israeli newspaper The Times of Israel, citing government sources, reported:
Tel Aviv “will not consider sending offensive weapons or advanced defense technologies such as the Iron Dome anti-missile system to Ukraine, but will try to find types of equipment that can be sacrificed without causing a crisis in relations with Moscow.”
According to the publication, this list may include some exported UAVs with degraded specifications, and the supply of more serious weapons is not discussed at this stage.
The author’s view may not coincide with the editors’ position.
Mikhail Mikhailovich Khodarenok is a military observer of socialbites.ca, a retired colonel.
Graduated from the Minsk Higher Engineering Anti-Aircraft Missile School (1976),
Air Defense Military Command Academy (1986).
Commander of the S-75 anti-aircraft missile battalion (1980–1983).
Deputy commander of an anti-aircraft missile regiment (1986-1988).
Senior officer of the Air Defense Forces Chief of Staff (1988-1992).
General Staff Main Operations Directorate Officer (1992-2000).
Graduate of the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces (1998).
Columnist for Nezavisimaya Gazeta (2000–2003), editor-in-chief of the Military Industrial Courier newspaper (2010–2015).