To date, no specific factor leading to glaucoma has been identified. However, there are certain risk factors, and among the main ones is genetic predisposition. Ilmira Gazizova, Head of the Ophthalmology Department of the Institute of Human Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a member of the European Glaucoma Association’s Committee for Cooperation with European Countries, told socialbites.ca.
“If the patient’s parents or close relatives have glaucoma, he is most likely at risk. The risk of glaucoma is increased in patients with high myopia, diabetes, and sleep apnea. People with metabolic disorders, smokers, suffer from hypotension. Also, regardless of other factors, the likelihood of developing glaucoma begins to increase after 40 years,” he explained.
Gazizova added that today glaucoma is seen in 3% of Russians in general and in every third over the age of 70. It has no specific symptoms in the early stages, so it should be examined by an ophthalmologist once a year after the age of 40.
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