It was impossible to buy a seagull in the Union. For no money. She could only earn it! The assignment was a high position, an office in the designated building and a garden house behind a high fence.
GAZ-13 was made until 1981 at about 140 units per year. Some of the cars were sent to friendly socialist countries.
Line by line with the world
The seagull, like all Soviet executive cars, was made according to American models. Surprisingly, the 1955 Packard Clipper was chosen as the model in this case. After all, this once-famous company was going through hard times – it only had a few more years to go. But from Packard, Seagull only borrowed style.
The handsome V-shaped engine with a displacement of 5.52 liters in layout and geometry resembles a Chrysler unit. But the GAZ engine is not only original, but also advanced – all aluminum and much lighter than foreign counterparts. With a four-chamber K-114 carburetor, the engine developed a very decent 195 hp for that time.
A three-speed automatic transmission worked with him – an analogue of the one installed on the first Volga. The unit is based on the Ford design.
The units stand on an X-shaped frame. At the time, it was also an advanced design. In America it was only used on Cadillacs. Finally, the vacuum brake booster is a copy of what was put on the Chryslers.
The V8 engine in Chaika develops 195 hp.
Alphabet for vending machine
Every switch and every handle in Chaika’s drawing room has beautiful engravings. The car has almost everything that was in the arsenal of comfort at the time. Apart from the air conditioning.
But there’s a stylish clock, electric windows and the best radio you could imagine back then.
But the most important thing is the push-button operation of the gearbox. Remote control — one on one, like Chrysler. However, the drive is wired and requires regular attention. There is no parking position. A handbrake is therefore a must!
Gearbox control in Chaika is push button.
The “T” (brake) button, as described in the instructions, is for long descents. Up to 40 km / h, the first gear is maintained, over – the second. The third will not turn on until you press “D” (movement).
In the salon cupboard
The back of the cabin is a strict Soviet style office. But Seagull, oddly enough, is a sedan, not a limousine. There are additional seats – strapons. But there is no glass partition between the driver and the rear passengers. Although several GAZ-13 limousines were still made.
The suspension is extremely soft. The power steering works funny. The resistance is non-linear and is directly dependent on the engine speed. That is, it is difficult to maneuver in the parking lot and the steering wheel is slightly in motion.
But the suspension, steering and pensive machine behave in much the same way as their American counterparts: no better, but no worse.
Chaika has everything the Soviet car industry had in the 1950s.
Only in the US were such machines made by the millions. And ordinary citizens rode it. The calling of our Chaika is to serve people engaged in important state or industrial and scientific and technical matters.
And behind the wheel in Chaika, they don’t just drive, but work, serve and even carry out an important mission.
But in the late 1950s, the Union really caught up with the one it had always competed with with this machine. Another thing is that in 1981, when the last GAZ-13s were assembled, they already looked like mammoths, well, or museum pieces.
But among the Soviet achievements of the 1950s, Chaika took his rightful place. Maybe not the first.
- “Behind the wheel” can also be read in Telegram.
Among the achievements of the USSR in the second half of the 1950s, the GAZ-13 Chaika occupies a prominent place. And this is in the era of the first artificial Soviet Earth satellite and Yuri Gagarin’s space flight!
No one bought this luxury car in the USSR. I ask myself why?
Source: Z R