7 reasons why electricity in Russia will not replace combustion engines

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As early as 2025, the European Union plans to adopt a new Euro-7 environmental standard. Emission standards for nitrogen oxides (NOX) should drop to 30 mg/km. Cars with such clean engines will cost a lot.

The new rules can be equated with a ban on the use of models with combustion engines. From 2025, all European car manufacturers plan to only produce models with electric motors. It is true that about 17% of new cars are sold in the European Union. A quick switch to electric vehicles is therefore not expected.

Even the largest European truck manufacturers, such as Daimler Trucks, Scania, MAN, do not plan to stop producing models with combustion engines until 2040. Yes, and most of the automakers we interviewed are confident that a complete replacement of petrol and diesel engines with alternative power plants is not imminent in the near future.

Main reasons

1. There is nowhere to charge electric cars

The operation of electric cars requires a developed infrastructure of charging stations, which cannot be realized in such a short time. The owners of electric cars are already unable to find where to charge. If the number of electric vehicles increases sharply, the load on the electricity grid will increase significantly. It will be difficult for networks to withstand such a “blow”.

2. Electric batteries are expensive

Using high technology and rare earths is not cheap. In addition, due to sanctions, there are now logistical problems with the supply of many chemical elements necessary for the production of batteries.

3. Battery production is not environmentally friendly

More than a third of electricity is produced by burning coal, a technology that is wreaking havoc on the planet.

Electric vehicles use lithium-ion batteries. The extraction of the rare earth metal lithium requires an enormous amount of water – it is extracted from the bowels of the planet, on a large scale this could lead to an environmental disaster. Vehicles with combustion engines cause less environmental damage throughout their life cycle – from raw material extraction to disposal – than hybrid and electric versions.

4. Electric cars are afraid of frost

The capacity of any electrical energy accumulator changes significantly with temperature changes, and its characteristics decrease over time. Electric vehicles and batteries are not yet adapted for use at low temperatures, so in countries with cold climates, cars with combustion engines will prevail.

Expert commentary

Anna Utkina, Head of Press Service of the AvtoSpetsCentre Group of Companies

Anna Utkina, Head of Press Service of the AvtoSpetsCentre Group of Companies

Switching to hydrogen more easily

“Already in Moscow, several dozen electric cars are stopping on the roads with a dead battery, exacerbating traffic jams, as electric cars lose on average 40-60% of their range in the cold at minus 20°C. The most realistic future scenario for ICE vehicles, which also applies in Russia, is a smooth transition to alternative fuels, such as hydrogen, as electric vehicles will not be able to replace traditional cars, especially in regions with difficult climatic conditions.”

5. Electric cars are too erratic.

The properties of semiconductor devices in control systems decrease over time. Even in modern cars equipped with traditional combustion engines, electronics periodically begin to get “naughty”. It is not necessary to expect different behavior from fully electric cars.

6. You won’t get far

The range achieved for fast and uninterrupted delivery of goods over long distances is not sufficient. Therefore, heavy trucks will still be equipped with internal combustion engines. They will just try to “clean” them more and more.

The charge is sufficient for light vehicles for several hundred kilometers, after which it must be recharged. True, experts are already developing and implementing (for example, on the Hyundai Ioniq 5 medium crossover) “fast” chargers that can “power” a car in 20 minutes, allowing it to travel a distance of 480-500 km.

7. Electric cars are unprofitable

It is much cheaper to produce a car with an internal combustion engine than a comparable model equipped with an electric or hybrid power plant.

Car manufacturers: we don’t refuse combustion engines

Most of the companies we interviewed (notably VAZ, Porsche and Nissan) were unable to unequivocally answer the question about the future of gasoline engines. Audi representatives emphasized that petrol cars will be produced, but that the share of electric and hybrid models will continue to grow.

Subaru “We are not planning to switch to 100% electricity”

Business Mitsubishi mentioned the same obvious drawbacks of electric vehicles as we did, adding: “In our view, electric cars will occupy a certain niche (and somehow they have occupied it for a long time, not without the help of the state). But in general, electric vehicles will continue to be the choice of a small segment of consumers for certain needs and operating conditions.

Representatives only Volvo confidently confirmed that they will no longer have cars equipped only with combustion engines:

“From 2022, all Volvo cars will be hybrid – MHEV (Mild Hybrid Electrical Vehicle – mild hybrids), PHEV (Plug In Hybrid Electrical Vehicle – rechargeable hybrids), as well as electric (BEV – Battery Electric Vehicle). By 2030, Volvo Cars will fully electrify its vehicle range.”

Expert commentary

7 reasons why electricity in Russia will not replace combustion enginesRoman Timashov, Service Director of AVTODOM Altufievo

Roman Timashov, Service Director of AVTODOM Altufievo

ICE cars will be gone in 30 years

“Currently, electric motorcycles and hybrids, which run on petrol, diesel as well as electricity, are becoming more and more common due to technological progress. A ban in a number of countries in 2035 on the sale of cars with combustion engines will not lead to such models disappearing immediately.

Thus, by introducing a combustion process optimization system and increasing the efficiency of the exhaust gas treatment, petrol engines will meet generally accepted environmental standards for a long time to come.

But even if EVs and hybrids are ubiquitous, vehicles for extreme conditions will still be powered by combustion engines.because you can use the car in any climate, unlike lithium-ion batteries, which do not tolerate frost in northern countries, including Russia.

So in the next 2-3 decades, internal combustion engine cars will gradually lose their leadership positions in the global vehicle fleet, only maintaining their leadership position in long and extreme journeys.”

Not for Russia

Technology does not stand still and electric transport is continuously developing. But until he seriously increases power reserve and power, he won’t be able to compete with combustion engines in our open spaces. So for now we are running on petrol and diesel. In addition, we have a lot of this fuel.

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Source: Z R


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